PHARAOH ANTS PISSANTS
WHITE FOOTED ANT
This article deals with control of household ant pests with
use of proper pest control products designed for the job.
If you have carpenter
ants or wish to prevent carpenter ant infestations, go to our Carpenter Ant
Special details should be adhered to when dealing with carpenter ants,
such as careful inspections (both indoors and outdoors around infested
building) and use of proper pest control tools. Special baits are
now available that were formulated to target carpenter ants and to kill
the entire ant colony. For basic biology, habits and elimination of
these wood ants, go to the Carpenter
Ant Control article. Before choosing products for the job, make
a thorough inspection of the premises at the correct time of day.
Details on this subject can be found on the Inspecting
for Carpenter Ants web article. Each job will vary but most
people choose to first eliminate current populations with a good carpenter
ant bait and then keep home free of future infestations with the use of
exterior spray treatments on a regularly scheduled basis. Read both Carpenter
Ant Control and Carpenter
Ant Baits articles for best results. Also, see Carpenter
Ant Products page.
Pharaoh ants also demand special attention.
If not treated properly, you can actually make the problem worse than when
you first began. Pharaoh ants do not respond well to contact
pesticides such as sprays and dusts. They are best controlled with
the use of professional baits to which they are known to prefer.
These tiny ants can occasionally become finicky about foods they
eat. Do not be surprised if you have to rotate or change your brands
and types of baits in order to completely eliminate the colonies that live
in the wall voids and attics.
Go to our Pharaoh Ant article for more information.
For other ants, their biology, habits and elimination methods, go to our ANT INDEX.
are very opportunistic creatures, taking advantage of any and all food
sources that help keep their colonies healthy. These social insects
always have a sense of order, organizational qualities that make an ant
colony in organism in itself.
Once ants decide that your home is a suitable source of nutrition, they
usually use the structure for nesting if not nesting in many areas
immediately surrounding the home. Worker ants communicate with each
other, thus keeping the colony up to date on possible food sources,
nesting sites and enemies of the colony. A major communication tool
of ant colonies is the use of pheromones. These pheromones have
multiple uses but the main purpose of this discussion concerns food.
Once the foraging scouts (ants that are constantly seeking foods needed by
the colony) find their way into your home, they return to the colony,
leaving a scent trail that directs other workers back to the food source.
If you live in an area where ants are known to be a
problem, you must take preventative measures which protect your home and
property from possible ant invasions. Most homes that become
infested with ants are not being protected by a monthly or quarterly spray
Many people no longer treat their home on a regular basis as they
did in the past. This is the major reason why ants are now the
number one household pest in the United States. A simple spray
treatment can prevent ants and other pests from entering homes and will
also keep down the number of ants that invade lawns and gardens.
There are several professional insecticide concentrates that (when used
properly) are many times more effective and much safer than those products
used in the past. These newer synthetic products require far less
active ingredients to do the job, are far less toxic than Dursban,
Diazinon and other older and heavier chemicals; synthetics are usually
odorless and they last many times longer than old fashioned pesticides.
Before the introduction of these safer, low odor products most homeowners
and professionals had to spray on a monthly basis for prevention. We
now can treat the exterior of our homes just a few times each year to
prevent most problems, especially ants.
One, Cynoff EC,
Demon EC (Cynoff
both contain Cypermethrin), Suspend
SC, Dragnet (Permethrin
insecticides and Demand
CS are a few of the professional products available that are good for
preventing and treating ant problems in and around the home. The
products mentioned are all synthetic pyrethrins and will all take care of
many pests found in and around homes.
There are pests of households that require broadcasting pesticide sprays
on carpets and furniture. Fleas, ticks, carpet beetles and a few of
such pests. If you need a product that will take care of these types
of pests (as well as ant infestations) you need to use Suspend SC or
If you have no need of an insecticide that can be broadcast indoors, use Talstar
One, Cynoff EC, Demon EC or Demand CS.
Professionals prefer to use either Talstar One
or a Cypermethrin
product (Demon or Cynoff) for ant control in and around the home.
Talstar has a super long residual (requiring less spraying) and can be
sprayed on shrubs and flowers where ants might be foraging.
Cypermethrin products are great to use if you also have problems with
The use of ant bait inside cupboards, closets, window sills,
attics, crawl spaces and other foraging places is necessary to control nests inside your
home. Dual Choice, Maxforce,
Ant Bait or Niban FG will
all work. Some are better for certain species (when treating for Pharaoh ants, you must
use Maxforce.) We have found excellent control by combining FluorGuard and Gourmet
Ant Bait for indoor ant infestations; Dual Choice is also becoming very popular and
is an excellent bait that can be used alone or in conjunction with Drax. Ants will
find the bait within a day or two. After feeding, they bring some back to their nest
to feed other members in the colony. Nurse ants, queens and larvae will all eat and
die. This controls nests inside the home. Once your indoor ant infestation is
under control, you may either continue baiting or switch to a periodical spray to help
control indoor pests.
should be spread around the entire home. If fire ants are present, drench mounds with an
approved insecticide to quickly eliminate them. Products containing Cypermethrin (Cypermethrin 4 ounce, Cynoff EC,
Demon EC) are the best for mound drenching. An
alternative to putting out granular pesticides is the use of an outside bait.
Maxforce granular is one of the
best. The bait method takes a little longer but works well and poses no hazard to non
target species. Bait every 3 months to keep ant populations under control.
treat outside. Failure to treat outside will result in new ant infestations inside
your home, sometimes in only a matter of days.
Ant problems start because regular pest control is
NOT being done. To prevent ants, spiders, roaches, etc. from entering your home a
good residual spray around the foundation and around windows, doors, fireplaces, etc. on
the outside of your house is necessary. This should be done several times a year.
Some good products to choose from include Cynoff,
Talstar One and Suspend.
This outside spraying will stop ants from laying new scent trails leading to the
inside of your home and prevent a future infestation. **
|** Following steps 1 and 2
above will solve your current problem. If step 3 is not followed, new infestations
of ants (as well as roaches, crickets, spiders, scorpions, centipedes, etc.) will
re-infest your home.
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