The filthy habits of each fly in this category make them easy
vectors of diseases. Hookworm, whipworm, tapeworm, pinworm, roundworm, cholera,
bacillary dysentery, infantile diarrhea, typhoid and paratyphoid are disease-causing
organisms with which these flies are associated. Filth flies pick up pathogenic
organisms from sewage, garbage, manure, decaying bodies and other such sources.
These flying pests initially pick up dangerous organisms with their mouth and other body
parts. The organisms are then passed on to humans and animals through the feces and
vomitus of the fly.
Locating and eliminating the food source of any filth fly is the
key to eliminating them from any environment. Click here for Filth Fly breeding sites. Food
sources for all flies are listed on the Breeding
Adult flies are easily killed by space sprays or fogs and (in most cases) can
be captured using pheromone traps or plain sticky traps. These are useful tools
but are only successful when used with other integrated pest management (IPM)
procedures. These procedures include careful inspection, breeding site elimination
and other ongoing sanitation programs.
Surface sprays should
only be used outdoors to aid in fly control; indoor surface sprays are not considered safe
or worth the effort. Spray the surfaces of exterior walls, dumpsters, trash
cans or other outdoor areas where the flies actually rest or breed around the exterior of
infested homes and other structures.
Possible breeding sites for filth flies include: Dead animals,
decaying grass, decaying or damp organic material, garbage, manure and rotting fruits and
vegetables. For more details on where your particular flying pest breeds, click on that fly.